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What are the basics of Pipe Cutting Tools?

A pipe cutting tool is a tool used to cut pipes or tubes, and it is a necessity in many industries and workshops.

The type of metal the pipe is made out of determines whether a pipe cutting tool or a hacksaw can be used. While a hacksaw can cut almost any size of a pipe made of most plastics and metals, pipe-cutters are more limited in where they can be used. In comparison to using a hacksaw to cut a pipe, a pipe-cutter presents several advantages: it produces a clean cut when cutting a pipe. It is also faster and more convenient.

There are basically two types of cutters used to cut pipes, namely Plastic tubing cutters which are used on thin pipes; and pipe-cutters which are used on thicker pipers, which have sharp wheels and adjustable jaw grips. When using a pipe-cutter, one rotates the tool around the pipe and gradually tightens it until the tool cuts through the pipe.

There are specialized pipe cutting tools ideal for cutting all types of metal pipes or tubes. These deliver perfectly straight and clean cuts, thus it will not be necessary to do any additional preparation work on the cut-off face before doing the next task, such as welding.

There is a wide range of pipe cutting tools to suit any situation: from portable heavy duty tools for cold cutting of pipes with heavy wall thickness, to small cutters for small pipes and tubes. Small pipe cutters include hand tool type of cutters for different purposes: rotary pipe cutters, combination pliers and others.

Pipe cutting tools are used by a wide of range of trades-people – from plumbers to machinists.

Pipe cutting tools discussed above are different from pipe profiling tools, which are sometimes also called pipe cutting tools. Pipe profiling is a mechanized process whereby material is removed from a pipe or a tube to create a desired profile.

In pipe profiling, common profiles include mitres, straight cuts and saddles, among others. These cuts are normally needed to allow a tight fit between two parts that are to be welded together. The cut is done by a thermal torch (oxyfuel or plasma), which is mounted on the last axis of a multi-axis machine. Powered by electric motors, the axes of the multi-axis machine are synchronized to create a path for the torch and pipe that result in a desired profile. Synchronization of axes is achieved mechanically through levers and gears and cams, or electronically through controllers and microprocessors. Pipe cutting machines are common in industries that require complex cuts, namely pipe processing, ship building, structural manufacturing, and others.

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